Introduction to Sociology course – SOC 101

4. Perspectives

Sociologists study many different topics such as education, crime, organizations, health, family, work, immigration, to name only a few. One way to introduce you to this variety of topics is to simply discuss each topic one by one. However, it is also fruitful for you to see some common patterns between this variety of topics. First, you can study any topic by relating it to overarching sociological themes. A theme emphasizes certain characteristics of a topic and it can be used as a perspective that helps you to see common patterns between topics. Second, you can study any topic by adopting a multilevel perspective, which is useful for understanding the interplay between social contexts and individuals.


  • Introduction to Sociology, Chapter 4 (Perspectives)


Short videos (3-7 min.), in which I explain several key concepts/topics/theories of each chapter of the textbook. Just click on the YouTube link for the English or Dutch version. I hope you find it useful!

Ch. 4
Ch. 4.2Sociological Themes and Topics
Ch. 4.3Causal Explaining or Subjective Understanding?
Ch. 4.4Multilevel Framework (‘Coleman boat’)

Test your knowledge of Chapter 4

  • Take the Multiple Choice quiz here.

What do you want to do next?

Read more! Good news. There are many interesting books and articles about the materials covered in this chapter. You can find suggestions for further reading here.

Watch more! Also good news. The internet is an incredible source, where you can find fascinating educational lectures for free. Here is a selection: